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Jeremy Jameson - Founder and Principal



Compiling C++ Projects with Team Foundation Build

This post originally appeared on my MSDN blog:

Since I no longer work for Microsoft, I have copied it here in case that blog ever goes away.

As I mentioned in my previous post, this week I incorporated Password Minder into my "Toolbox" Visual Studio solution that is scheduled to build daily through Team Foundation Server (TFS).

It's not that I really need daily builds of Password Minder; rather it's just been something on my "TO DO" list for a long time and I finally got around to doing it. Unfortunately, it wasn't without issue.

In case you are not familiar with Password Minder, it is mostly written in C#, but it includes one C++ project (for the NativeHelpers.dll).

Thus when I added the Password Minder projects to my "Toolbox" solution, I woke up the next morning to a notification from Team Foundation Server that my build failed. [No, I don't have some sort of alarm that goes off when one of my builds break. By "notification" I am referring to the e-mail message that I found in my inbox when I sat down at the computer.]

Clicking the build log referenced in the e-mail message, I quickly discovered the following:

Using "VCBuild" task from assembly "Microsoft.Build.Tasks.v3.5, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a". Task "VCBuild"
Locating vcbuild.exe: not found at "c:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Common7\IDE\..\..\vc\vcpackages\vcbuild.exe".
Locating vcbuild.exe: Visual C++ Express is not installed on this computer.
Locating vcbuild.exe: falling back to the system PATH variable.
C:\Users\svc-build\AppData\Local\Temp\Toolbox\Automated Build - Main\Sources\Source\Toolbox.sln : error MSB3411: Could not load the Visual C++ component "VCBuild.exe". If the component is not installed, either 1) install the Microsoft Windows SDK for Windows Server 2008 and .NET Framework 3.5, or 2) install Microsoft Visual Studio 2008.

That certainly is one of the best error messages I've seen in a long time. It told me exactly what I needed to do to fix the problem. Well, almost...

Note that DAZZLER (a VM in the "Jameson Datacenter" that is my dedicated build server) does not have the full installation of Visual Studio 2008. Rather it only has the Team Foundation Build install. In keeping with best practices, I try to keep the build server as "clean" as possible. That means no Visual Studio, no SharePoint, etc.

Following option #1 from the log file, I proceeded to install the Microsoft Windows SDK for Windows Server 2008 and .NET Framework 3.5 -- but, of course, I didn't bother to review the ReadMe file that comes with it (at least not at first).

Consequently, I was greeted with the following error on the next build attempt:

c:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v3.5\Microsoft.Common.targets : warning MSB3428: Could not load the Visual C++ component "VCProjectEngine.dll". To fix this, 1) install the Microsoft Windows SDK for Windows Server 2008 and .NET Framework 3.5, 2) install Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 or 3) add the location of the component to the system path if it is installed elsewhere. System error code: 126.
c:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v3.5\Microsoft.Common.targets : warning MSB3425: Could not resolve VC project reference "..\NativeHelpers\NativeHelpers.vcproj".

That's when I discovered the following from the release notes for the SDK:

5.1.1 VCBuild fails to compile or upgrade projects

In order for VCBuild to run properly, vcprojectengine.dll needs to be registered. If vcprojectengine.dll is not registered, VCBuild.exe will fail with errors such as:

On compile: warning MSB3422: Failed to retrieve VC project information through the VC project engine object model. System error code: 127.

On upgrade: Failed to upgrade project file 'foo.vcproj'. Please make sure the file exists and is not write-protected.

To workaround this issue, vcprojectengine.dll must be manually registered. From a Windows SDK command line window (as administrator in Vista:

On an X86 machine, run:

cd %mssdk%\VC\bin
regsvr32 vcprojectengine.dll

On an X64 machine, run:

cd %mssdk%\VC\bin\X64
regsvr32 vcprojectengine.dll

Unfortunately, these instructions aren't quite right -- or at least they didn't work verbatim in my environment. The workaround stated above makes you think there's an environment variable (%mssdk%) that refers to the path where the SDK is installed. However, this wasn't configured on DAZZLER.

Also, I didn't find my copy of VCProjectEngine.dll in an x64 folder, but rather in an amd64 folder:

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\bin\amd64\VCProjectEngine.dll

I know most of you out there are not doing much (if any) C++ work anymore, but I thought I should share this just in case you need it at some point.


  1. # re: Compiling C++ Projects with Team Foundation Build

    October 11, 2012 3:08 AM
    So I am having this issue with a Windows Server 2008 R2, TFS 2010 Build server. Getting the error MSB3411, do you think this will be a good fix for this setup? As it is not Vista.

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